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Chiropractors utilize various electrotherapies depending on the therapeutic effects required. They include High Volt Therapy, Interferential Therapy, Pe-Mod Therapy, Russian Stimulation and TENS Therapy.
High Volt Therapy is a painless, comfortable and relaxing modality utilized to decrease pain, decrease muscle spasm, decrease edema, and assist in wound healing. The typical treatment dose is between 10 and 15 minutes and may be coupled with application of heat or ice therapy.
Interferential Therapy is applied during the rehabilitation process to assist in pain, inflammation and swelling reduction around a joint. This is also called gate control theory of pain, and was first introduced circa 1965. This modality is typically used after ankle sprains, post-surgery to joints, rotator cuff issues and any other injuries involving the knee, ankle, shoulder, neck or low back.
Pre-Mod Therapy is used in the healing of soft tissues, such as, tendons, ligaments, muscles and other connective tissues. This therapy helps to decrease pain and can reinforce a change in soft tissues after manual therapy, such as , trigger point release or deep tissue massage. Two pads are placed in such a manner that the stimulation treats the area between the two pads.
Russian Stim is another type of electrical muscle stimulation providing a frequency and amplitude that stimulates motor versus sensory components and will cause the stimulated muscles into a firm contraction. This treatment is unique because it can strengthen and tone weaken muscles. This stimulation applies contraction of the weakened muscle for a few seconds and then allows a rest cycle. This cyclic treatment dose is applied between 10 and 15 minutes.
TENS Therapy: TENS stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. It is used to control chronic intractable pain and for control of post-operative pain.